Tests and procedures used to diagnose breast cancer include:
Breast exam. Your doctor will check both of your breasts and lymph nodes in your armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities.
Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are commonly used to screen for breast cancer.
Breast ultrasound. Ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of structures deep within the body.
Biopsy. Removing a sample of breast cells for testing
Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI machine uses a magnet and radio waves to create pictures of the interior of your breast.
Early breast cancer (eBC) refers to cancer that is confined to the breast i.e. it has not ‘metastasised’ or spread to other parts of the body.
The aim of treating eBC is to prevent the disease from returning or reaching an advanced and incurable stage.
Approximately 1.67 million new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed annually worldwide. The majority of these cases are identified in the early stages of the disease.
Treatment given before surgery may be referred to as ‘neoadjuvant’ therapy. This treatment aims to reduce the size of the tumour.
Treatment after surgery is referred to as ‘adjuvant’ therapy. This treatment aims to kill any any remaining cancer cells and prevent the cancer from returning.
When breast cancer is diagnosed and treated in the early setting it is potentially curable.
Each year more than 1.6 million are diagnosed with breast cancer
globally and over 500,000 will die from the disease.
The tumour is no longer than two cm, and has not spread to the lymph nodes.
The tumour is between two and five cm in size and may have spread to the lymph nodes under the arm of surrounding breast tissue.
Tumour(s) have spread to other organs in the body e.g. lungs, liver or bone. This is sometimes referred to as advanced or metastatic cancer.